(January 4, 1643 – March 31, 1727)
Isaac Newton is the greatest and the most influential scientist this world has ever known. He made groundbreaking advances in Mechanics, Calculus, Astronomy, Acoustics, Heat and Optics which revolutionized science like no one did before or after him. His ingenious works on Mathematical Physics were vast, unprecedented and unparalleled. They outstripped his contributions to “Fluxions”; and ensured that his ratings as a standalone mathematician remain very high. His intellect complimented his voracious appetite for work. That was why he wrote extensively on Maths, Science, and Religion. His brilliance ramified all branches of Applied Maths. It is a fact that before Newton there was Philosophy; and after Newton, it became Science. Co-inventor of Calculus, his Principia Mathematica is the most revered and the most valuable publication in the entire history of science. His contributions and influences are far-reaching. It was his Equivalence Principle that helped facilitate Albert Einstein’s Relativity Theory. But unlike Einstein who approached Relativity algebraically instead of geometrically, and needed the mathematical support of Hermann Minkowski, Henri Poincaré, Bernhard Riemann, etc., Newton adeptly developed all the mathematical frameworks which anchored his theories and laws. This edge alone consolidates Newton’s superior versatility.