(January 25, 1627 – December 31, 1691)

Robert Boyle was among the first alchemists to transmute into modern chemists. Just like many of his contemporaries, he explored all branches of natural philosophy: thus, helping to lay the foundations of modern science. His keenness in research saw him abandoning Ireland for a settlement in Oxford, England, after realizing (at that time) that the English showed more interest in scientific experiments than their Irish counterparts. As his knowledge increased, he was admitted into the London’s Royal Society. His experiments influenced people like Thomas Sydenham and Isaac Barrow (who later became the first Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge: before Isaac Newton). Also, Robert Hooke whom we remember today for his Law of Elasticity learned his trade from Robert Boyle, whom he served as a Laboratory Assistant. Apart from his famous Gas Law experiments, Boyle worked on heat, hydrostatics, magnetism, geology and oceanography. Although he loved biology and spent considerable time studying anatomy and physiology, he experimented only on physiology: because he disliked vivisections and other dissections which are associated with anatomy. His publications alongside personal notes indicated that he researched extensively on many areas of physics, chemistry and biology: known then as natural philosophy.

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