(August 23, 980 – June 22, 1037)

This iconic physician, who pioneered modern medicine, is among the most celebrated scholars. His referral name, “Avicenna”, is a Western corruption of his real surname: Ibn Sina. As a polymath, he delved into diverse fields that include: mathematics, astronomy, alchemy, geology, philosophy and theology. Even literature was not spared his intrusion. He was a logician who devised ways of observational studies. His correspondences with his mentor, Abu Rayhan Al-Biruni, and protégé, Ahmad Ibn Al-Ma’sumi, are well-documented. They gave insights regarding the level of corporations between the top researchers of that period. Unfortunately, half of the nearly 500 publications which he produced during his lifetime did not survive. Those valuables were lost amidst wars and upheavals which plagued the past millennium. Among Avicenna’s most notable works is an all-encompassing book known as The Canon of Medicine. This clinical encyclopedia was so useful that its revised editions remained in print, (as standard university texts across the globe), for half-a-millennium after his death. Another of his texts, The Book of Healing, was imported, translated, and widely used across Europe, (under the Latin name of Sufficientia), for over half-a-century. Avicenna’s global influence endured for many centuries. His methods were learnt and practised (worldwide) well-into the 19th century. Only the adherence to the modern practices of intrusive research, which characterized evidence-based medicine in the 20th century, finalized their decline. Among other items, the 2755 Avicenna asteroid, the 74-kilometer-wide Avicenna lunar crater, and the Avicenna Bay in the Palmer Archipelago of Antarctica, are named after him.


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  5. Nice blog, useful info about scientists and their history.
    Very interesting to see Ibn Sina in your list, but no Galen, who is considered the father of anatomy and physiology and lived many centuries before Ibn Sina.
    Any reasons for that omission?

    • Hi Jimmy Suarez, thanks for your comment.
      But I’m surprised that you failed to see Claudius Galen of Pergamon right there at number 31.
      Have a nice day!

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