(August 980 – June 1037)

This iconic physician, who pioneered modern medicine, is among the most famous of all the great Islamic scholars. His referral name, “Avicenna”, is a Western corruption of his real surname: Ibn Sina. As a polymath, he delved into diverse fields that include: mathematics, astronomy, alchemy, geology, philosophy and theology. Even literature was not spared his intrusion. He was a logician who devised new ways of observational studies. His correspondences with his renowned mentor, Abu Rayhan Al-Biruni, and protégé, Ahmad Ibn Al-Ma’sumi, are well-documented. They gave insights regarding the level of corporations between the top researchers of that period. Unfortunately, half of the nearly 500 publications which he produced during his lifetime did not survive. Those valuables were lost amidst wars and upheavals which plagued the past millennium. Among Avicenna’s most notable works is an all-encompassing book titled The Canon of Medicine. This clinical encyclopedia was so useful that its revised editions remained in print, (as standard university texts across the globe), for half-a-millennium after his death. Another of his books, The Book of Healing, was imported, translated, and widely used across Europe, (under the Latin name of Sufficientia), for more than half-a-century. Avicenna’s global influence endured for many centuries. His methods were learnt and practised (worldwide) well-into the 19th century. Only the adherence to the modern practices of intrusive research, which characterized evidence-based medicine in the 20th century, finalized their decline. Among several other items, both the 2755 Avicenna asteroid and the 74-kilometer-wide Avicenna lunar crater are named after him.


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