(May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778)
So much myths and hypes have been infused into Evolution Theory that better substantiated, more compelling and more deserving brass tacks are relegated at their expense. Even Charles Darwin has been elevated to an intellectual pedestal which is above his accomplishments. But ardent fans of scientific rigors might deem such presuppositions insufficient. This is because, anybody who delves deeply into Taxonomy and Genetics would not study long before realizing that both sciences have already addressed most of the things which Evolution diehards hold dear. And they did so with more cogent and compelling evidence than Evolution ever tendered. Hence, whenever the issue concerns biodiversity and ancestry, Carl Linnaeus and Gregor Mendel, are my first tier of consultants. Since time immemorial, similarities and differences have been observed in living things. But it was not until the 1730s that Linnaeus used scientifically-based system to classify living organisms. To do this, he revived and adopted the binomial nomenclature methods, which two Swiss brothers (Gaspard and Johann Bauhin), established two centuries prior. Linnaeus published his epoch-making Systema Naturae in 1735. The influential Philosophia Botanica arrived in 1751; followed by Species Plantarum in 1753: which classified nearly every known plant in Sweden at that time. Apart from being well-received, these three expositions redefined modern biology. And ever since, biologists have adhered to Linnaeus’ methodologies. His taxonomic pathway not only named organisms: it enunciated the characteristic features of biological importance which the group members share. Hence, modern classifications (from Kingdom to Species) are attributed to Carl Linnaeus.