(January 4, 1643 – March 31, 1727)
Isaac Newton is the greatest and the most influential scientist this world has ever known. He made groundbreaking advances in Mechanics, Calculus, Binomials, Astronomy, Heat, Acoustics and Optics which revolutionized science like no one did before or after him. His works on Mathematical Physics were ingenious, vast, unprecedented and unparalleled. They outstripped his contributions to “Fluxions”; and ensured that his ratings as a standalone mathematician remained very high. His intellect complimented his voracious appetite for work. That was why he wrote extensively on Maths, Science, and Religion. Newton’s brilliance ramified all branches of Applied Maths. At the age of 26, he succeeded Isaac Barrow as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge. Settled in this position, he proceeded to give science the rock-solid foundation that it has today. This breath of fresh air has served as a template for uncountable technological developments. It is a fact that before Newton there was Natural Philosophy; and after Newton, it became Science. Co-inventor of Calculus, his Principia Mathematica is the most revered and the most valuable publication in the entire history of science. His contributions and influences are far-reaching. It was his Equivalence Principle that helped facilitate Albert Einstein’s Relativity Theory. But unlike Einstein who approached Relativity algebraically instead of geometrically, and needed the mathematical support of Hermann Minkowski, Bernhard Riemann, Henri Poincaré, etc., Newton adeptly developed all the mathematical frameworks which anchored his theories and laws. This edge alone consolidates Newton’s superior versatility; and renders fatuous, the frequent comparisons with Einstein.