(April 15, 1707 – September 18, 1783)
If the issue concerns mathematics, look no farther than Leonhard Euler. With nearly one thousand first class publications to his name, this Swiss genius is the greatest of all mathematicians. He was relentlessly prolific. His phenomenal brain-power enabled him to calculate as easily as folks breathe. This explains why he is deemed the preeminent algorist and was nicknamed “Analysis Incarnate”. Euler excelled in all branches of mathematics, uncovered links between various branches, standardized notations, proved many theorems, shattered every benchmark and pioneered new methodologies. During his 76 years lifetime, 1 out of every 3 maths publications in the world was by him. The great Pierre-Simon Laplace proclaimed him “The Master of all Mathematicians”. Carl Friedrich Gauss (The Prince of Mathematics) referred to his works as “irreplaceable best school for maths”; whereas André Weil asseverated that “no other mathematician attained such an indisputable leadership in all branches of mathematics as Euler did”. Stupendously brilliant, versatile and productive, he was the supreme sage whose sagacity transmogrified physical sciences. Not even his blindness (in 1766) could hinder him. While working at Russia’s Science Academy, colleagues marveled in disbelief as he mentally conjured mind-blowing disquisitions for his secretary to compile for publishing. No comparable novelty has ever been witnessed. The sheer quantity and quality of his works is breathtaking. Nobody else came close. Not Gauss! Not Newton! No one at all! The greatest and the most beautiful theorems have Euler footprints all over them. He was (and still remains) the mathematical champion of all the champions.