(287 – 212 BC)
Just like Euclid of Alexandria before him, very little is known about the life of this outstanding sage. Still, there is no doubt that he grossly advanced Pure and Applied Mathematics. Although many people consider him the greatest of all the ancient mathematicians, my research findings (which were based on overall ability, versatility, productivity and developmental influences) indicated otherwise. It gave Euclid ample edge over him: due to his enormous influence and productivity. Nonetheless, it must be acknowledged that Archimedes lent his brilliance to several early developments, which paved the way for modern science. His geometric acumen complimented the preceding works of Pythagoras, Eudoxus and Euclid. Evidence abound that he was a top-tier researcher, who excelled in both theoretical and practical works. But, I found nothing to justify the euphoric hypes surrounding the claim that he is the best of the old bloc. The fact that he lived three centuries after Pythagoras, and two generations after Eudoxus and Euclid, means that the mathematics of his days would be significantly superior and more established: just as the works of today are a lot more complex than anything he could have envisaged. With that said, I will reiterate that the length and breadth of his works were grandiose. They immensely propelled the course of modern science. Among other honors, Archimedes’ portrait is engraved on the Fields Medal. He is also the eponym of his famous Principle, Screw; as well as the Archimedes lunar crater and the Montes Archimedes lunar mountain range.